Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize

Alfred Nobel’s last will and testament was remarkable in many ways. Friends and relatives received a good share of his fortune, but the larger portion, about 30 million Swedish kronor, went to a fund that would finance prizes of money to “those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind”. […]

Alfred Nobel and Nobel Chemistry Prize

Alfred Nobel and Nobel Chemistry Prize

Alfred Nobel’s original intention was that most of his wealth should be used after his death for annual prizes to be awarded by the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences for the most outstanding discoveries or theories in the wide field of learning and progress as a whole. In his final will, how, ever, he gave […]

Alfred Nobel and Nobel Literature Prize

Alfred Nobel and Nobel Literature Prize

In Alfred Nobel’s earlier will, the one made in Paris in 1893, and then cancelled, there was no specific bequest in regard to literature. Mention was made only in general terms of rewards for the most important and original discoveries or the most striking advances in the wide sphere of knowledge or on the path […]

Alfred Nobel and Nobel Physics Prize

Alfred Nobel and Nobel Physics Prize

According to the present statutes of the Nobel Foundation, the Swedish Academy of Sciences has to award two of the five annual Nobel Prizes. one of these is to be given to ‘the person who has made the most important discovery of invention within the field of physics’. According to Nobel’s will these awards should […]

Alfred Nobel and Nobel Physiology or Medicine Prize

Alfred Nobel and Nobel Physiology or Medicine Prize

In his remarkable will of November 27, 1895, Alfred Nobel directed that the interest on his fortune should be ‘annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind’. He also specified that one of the five shares of the interest should be […]